Roger de Montgomery was given the town as a gift from William, and built Shrewsbury Castle in 1074, taking the title of Earl.
including several examples of timber framing from the 15th and 16th centuries.
Shrewsbury Castle, a red sandstone fortification, and Shrewsbury Abbey, a former Benedictine monastery, were founded in 10 respectively by the Norman Earl of Shrewsbury, Roger de Montgomery.
This was once the site of Viroconium, the fourth largest cantonal capital in Roman Britain.
As Caer Guricon it is a possible alternative for the Dark Age seat of the Kingdom of Powys.
The 3rd Earl, Robert of Bellême, was deposed in 1102 and the title forfeited, in consequence of rebelling against Henry I and joining the Duke of Normandy's invasion of English in 1101.
The Angles, under King Offa of Mercia, took possession in 778.
Nearby is the village of Wroxeter, 5 miles (8 km) to the south-east.
This name gradually evolved in three directions, into Sciropscire, which became Shropshire; into Sloppesberie, which became Salop/Salopia (an alternative name for both town and county), and into Schrosberie, which eventually became the town's name, Shrewsbury.
Over the ages, the geographically important town has been the site of many conflicts, particularly between the English and Welsh.
Located 9 miles (14 km) east of the Welsh border, Shrewsbury serves as the commercial centre for Shropshire and mid-Wales, with a retail output of over £299 million per year and light industry and distribution centres, such as Battlefield Enterprise Park, on the outskirts.
The A5 and A49 trunk roads cross near to the town, and five railway lines meet at Shrewsbury railway station.