It borders Norway to the west and Finland to the east, and is connected to Denmark in the southwest by a bridge-tunnel across the Öresund.
At 450,295 square kilometres (173,860 sq mi), Sweden is the third-largest country in the European Union by area, with a total population of over 9.9 million.
Sweden is part of the geographical area of Fennoscandia.
Germanic peoples have inhabited Sweden since prehistoric times, emerging into history as the Geats/Götar and Swedes/Svear and constituting the sea peoples known as the Norsemen.
Southern Sweden is predominantly agricultural, while the north is heavily forested.
Sweden consequently has a low population density of 21 inhabitants per square kilometre (54/sq mi), with the highest concentration in the southern half of the country.
Approximately 85% of the population lives in urban areas.
In the 17th century, it expanded its territories to form the Swedish Empire, which became one of the great powers of Europe until the early 18th century.
Sweden is a unitary state, currently divided into 21 counties and 290 municipalities.Sweden emerged as an independent and unified country during the Middle Ages.Today, Sweden is a constitutional monarchy and parliamentary democracy, with a monarch as head of state.The capital city is Stockholm, which is also the most populous city in the country.Legislative power is vested in the 349-member unicameral Riksdag.Executive power is exercised by the government chaired by the prime minister.